Which Schedule Is The Most Resistant To Extinction?

What is an example of fixed ratio reinforcement?

Ratio refers to the number of responses that are required in order to receive reinforcement.

For example, a fixed-ratio schedule might be delivery a reward for every fifth response.

After the subject responds to the stimulus five times, a reward is delivered..

Why is partial reinforcement resistant to extinction?

1 In partial (or intermittent) reinforcement, the response is reinforced only part of the time. Learned behaviors are acquired more slowly with partial reinforcement, but the response is more resistant to extinction.

Which type of reinforcement is most effective?

Positive reinforcement3 Positive reinforcement is most effective when it occurs immediately after the behavior. Reinforcement should be presented enthusiastically and should occur frequently. A shorter time between a behavior and positive reinforcement, makes a stronger the connection between the two.

Which reinforcement schedule has the highest rate of response?

Variable intervalVariable interval and variable ratio are the two schedules of reinforcement that produce the highest rates of response. Variable interval is strong because you are dealing with time and it is variable, the subject doesn’t know when they would be rewarded.

What did BF Skinner mean by shaping?

What did B.F. Skinner mean by “shaping”? reinforcing successive approximations to a behavior. When an animal hears a bell, it sits up on its hind legs and drools. … This is an example of which type of schedule of reinforcement?

When should you not use extinction?

It is generally recommended that extinction is never used as the only procedure in place to reduce the occurrence of a behaviour (Miltenberger, 2008). When it is used alone, Cooper et al (2007, p.

What does it mean when resistance to extinction is high?

the endurance or persistence of a conditioned response in the absence of reinforcement.

What is a disadvantage of continuous reinforcement?

A continuous schedule will allow for quicker learned behavior, but it is subject to extinction as reinforcing a behavior every single time is difficult to maintain for a long period of time.

Which schedule of reinforcement is most resistant to extinction quizlet?

VR schedules do not produce a “Postreinforcement Pause”. They create high & constant rate of responding. Behavior becomes most resistant to extinction.

What increases resistance to extinction?

Ability to discriminate change in procedure. -High magnitude reinforcers given on a continuous schedule of reinforcement produce less resistance to extinction. … PREE- intermittent (partial) schedules of reinforcement have greater resistance to extinction than continuous schedule of reinforcement.

What does negative reinforcement mean?

Negative reinforcement occurs when a certain stimulus (usually an aversive stimulus) is removed after a particular behavior is exhibited. With negative reinforcement, you are increasing a behavior, whereas with punishment, you are decreasing a behavior. …

What are the 4 types of reinforcement?

There are four types of reinforcement: positive, negative, punishment, and extinction.

What is an example of negative punishment?

Can you identify examples of negative punishment? Losing access to a toy, being grounded, and losing reward tokens are all examples of negative punishment. In each case, something good is being taken away as a result of the individual’s undesirable behavior.

Is negative reinforcement good?

Negative reinforcement can be an effective tool when used correctly. Using negative reinforcement may not always get the intended results, however. This type of behavior conditioning is simply meant to increase a behavior. As a result, it can work both ways, reinforcing either favorable or unfavorable behaviors.

Which reinforcement schedule is the most productive and the most resistant to extinction?

variable ratioAmong the reinforcement schedules, variable ratio is the most productive and the most resistant to extinction. Fixed interval is the least productive and the easiest to extinguish (Figure 1).

Why is variable ratio is the most resistant to extinction?

In variable ratio schedules, the individual does not know how many responses he needs to engage in before receiving reinforcement; therefore, he will continue to engage in the target behavior, which creates highly stable rates and makes the behavior highly resistant to extinction.

How can negative reinforcement be stopped?

Deciding to take an antacid before you indulge in a spicy meal is an example of negative reinforcement. You engage in an action in order to avoid a negative result. One of the best ways to remember negative reinforcement is to think of it as something being subtracted from the situation.

Is extinction negative punishment?

Extinction is not punishment. Punishment is an event. When you punish, you either add something (positive punishment) or take something away (negative punishment) in order to suppress a behavior. Extinction is a “non event.” You didn’t add or take away – you simply did nothing.