Quick Answer: What Are The 7 Functional Groups?

What are the six main functional groups?

The names of the six most important functional groups are:Hydroxyl.Carbonyl.Carboxyl.Amino.Sulfhydryl.Phosphate..

What is a functional group list some examples?

Functional groups undergo the same chemical reactions no matter how large or small the molecule is. Covalent bonds link the atoms within functional groups and connect them to the rest of the molecule. Examples of functional groups include the hydroxyl group, ketone group, amine group, and ether group.

Is alcohol a functional group?

An alcohol is an organic compound with a hydroxyl (OH) functional group on an aliphatic carbon atom. Because OH is the functional group of all alcohols, we often represent alcohols by the general formula ROH, where R is an alkyl group. Alcohols are common in nature.

What functional group is COOH?

carboxyl groupA carboxyl group (COOH) is a functional group consisting of a carbonyl group (C=O) with a hydroxyl group (O-H) attached to the same carbon atom.

Is Ch a functional group?

An Aldehyde is an organic compound containing a terminal carbonyl group. This functional group, which consists of a carbon atom which is bonded to a hydrogen atom and double-bonded to an oxygen atom (chemical formula O=CH-), is called the aldehyde group….The Concept of Functional Groups.CH3-CH3EthaneEtheneEthyne2 more rows

What are the 8 functional groups?

Some of the important functional groups in biological molecules are shown above; they include: hydroxyl, methyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, phosphate, and sulfhydryl (R-S-H). These groups play an important role in the formation of molecules like DNA, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids.

Which functional group has highest priority?

Carboxylic AcidsAccording to IUPAC convention, Carboxylic Acids and their derivatives have the highest priority then carbonyls then alcohols, amines, alkenes, alkynes, and alkanes, so in this case the Carboxylic acid group has the highest priority and therefore makes up the name of the base compound.

What is called functional group?

Functional group: A group of atoms whose bonding is the same from molecule to molecule. A functional group has similar behavior regardless of the molecule that contains it, so molecules with identical functional groups tend to have similar chemical and physical properties.

What are the four functional groups?

Properties of Functional Groups Some of the important functional groups in biological molecules include: hydroxyl, methyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, phosphate, and sulfhydryl groups. These groups play an important role in the formation of molecules like DNA, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids.

How many types of functional groups are there?

four typesLocation of Functional Groups Each of the four types of macromolecules—proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids—has its own characteristic set of functional groups that contributes greatly to its differing chemical properties and its function in living organisms.